“Lemongrass Oil, known for its fresh lime aroma, is a “”must have”” for Aromatherapy and various other applications. This article tells you as to how you can buy good quality lemongrass oil from an online cosmetology store or an e-supermarket dealing in Aromatherapy Supplies.
Lemongrass Oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves/herb of Cymbopogon Citratus grass. It grows in equatorial or sub-equatorial climatic zones. There are about a dozen genotypes, but the one which is most suited for Aromatherapy is Cymbopogon Citratus.
To buy good lemongrass online, from a cosmetology supplies store-
Please ensure that the genotype is Cymbopogon Citratus. This can be easily found out by the aroma or note. Cymbopogon Citratus has a “”Fresh Lime Note””, rather than the “”metallic””.
Next, have a look at the color of the oil. It should not be dark.
You must request for a copy of the Material Safety Data Sheet which details all physical and chemical properties of lemongrass oil, including the species and genotype.
Ask for a copy of a Gas Chromatograph too. A genuine supplier should have all supporting documents. If you are buying bulk, it is always better to buy directly from a farmer. You may want to verify the credentials, for which you could use Andrea Butje’s Distillers Database, which is a handy tool.
As a farmer and distiller, we always provide an MSDS and a GC for all Essential oils we distill and sell. You can check up our e-cart for all details.
Typical MSDS [Material Safety Data Sheet] of Lemongrass Oil derived from Cymbopogon Citratus is as follows-
Commercial name: Lemongrass essential oil.
Botanical Nomenclature: Cymbopogon flexuosus and/or Cymbopogon citratus.
INCI name: Cymbopogon flexuosus or Cymbopogon citratus.
CAS number: 91844-92-7 and/or 89998-14-1 (EU) –
TSCA- 8007-02-1 (USA)
EINECS number: 295-161-9 and/or 289-752-0
NAFTA number: 3301.29.6000
FEMA number: 2509 and/or 2624
FDA number: 182.20
ISO standard: ISO4718 (Cymb. Flexuosus)
Main components: Citral, Citronellol, Geraniol.
Additives (e.g. carriers, preservatives, antioxidants): Nil.
3. Potential Health Hazards:
Inhalation: None identified.
Skin: Concentrated liquid and vapors irritating to skin by prolonged exposure.
Eyes: Irritating to eyes with possible damage.
Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed.
4. First aid:
Inhalation: If discomfort is felt, remove person to a well ventilated area with plenty of fresh air.
Skin: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash affected area with plenty of soap and water.
Eyes: Flush immediately with plenty of cool water for 10 to 20 minutes. Seek medical advice from a Medical Doctor.
Ingestion: Seek immediate medical care.
5. In case of fire:
Extinguishing Media: Foam, Carbon dioxide.
Do not use: Water.
Special precautions: Wear breathing apparatus as toxic vapours may be released during fire.
6. Spill and Leak Procedure:
Individual precautions: Eliminate sources of ignition. Keep area well ventilated and isolate the spill.
Environmental protection: Prevent the liquid from entering the drains and sewers.
Cleaning methods: Soak up the spill using inert absorbents. For large spills use pumps.
7. Handling and storage:
Store in a cool, dry and dark place in suitable containers (aluminium cans or lacquer lined steel drums).
Handle in a well ventilated area.
Keep away from sources of heat and ignition.
8. Personal Protection / Exposure control:
Respiratory protection: Wear breathing apparatus when working in an area of high vapor concentration.
Skin protection: Use protective gloves. Wear protective clothing when possibility of contact exists.
Eye protection: Wear goggles.
General precautions: Use good industrial hygiene practice.
9. Physicochemical properties:
Appearance: yellow liquid
Odor: strong, lemony, herbaceous
Boiling point: 224°C @ 760 mm
Flash point: 72ºC = 160°F
Vapor pressure: 0.05mmHg @20°C
Vapor Density: >1 (air=1)
Specific Gravity (25ºC): 0.872 to 0.905
Optical Rotation (25ºC): -5º to + 1º
Refractive Index (25ºC): 1.485 to 1.493
Solubility in water (20º): Negligible
Evaporation rate: <1 (Butyl Acetate=1)
10. Stability and Reactivity:
Chemical Stability: Normally stable. Not reactive with water.
11. Toxicological Information:
Rtecs number: OG8257000
According to RIFM- Monograph:
Acute Toxicity: Oral LD50: 5 g/kg in rats.
Dermal LD50: 2 g/kg in rabbits.
Irritation: Tested without irritation at 4%.
Sensitization: Tested without sensitization at 4%.
Phototoxicity: No phototoxic reaction reported.
12. Ecological information:
Prevent contamination of air, soil, ground- and surface water.
13. Disposal Method:
Check national and local regulations.
14. Transport Information:
Not hazardous if transported in suitable containers.
R10 – flammable
R43 – may cause sensitization by skin contact
R65 – harmful, may cause lung damage if swallowed
S24 – avoid contact with skin
S37 – wear suitable gloves
S62 – if swallowed do not induce vomiting. Seek medical advice immediately.
US: This material is intended to be used as a cosmetic ingredient and is exempt from Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulation (40 CFR 710) when used as such. Do not use for other purposes.
EC: This material is not classed as “”Dangerous”” according to the health and physical properties criteria of the EU Directives on the classification of substances and preparations.”